WEF GlobalCompetitivenessReport 2013 16

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 WEF GlobalCompetitivenessReport 2013 18 Essay

Information Report

A global

Competitiveness Survey

2013–2014

Total Data Edition

Klaus Schwab, World Economical Forum

Understanding Report

The Global

Competitiveness Record

2013–2014

Total Data Copy

Professor Klaus Schwab

Globe Economic Online community

Editor

Teacher Xavier Sala-i-Martín

Columbia University or college

Chief Consultant of The Global Competitiveness and Benchmarking Network

The Global Competitiveness Report 2013–2014: Full

Info Edition is usually published by World Monetary Forum

in the framework from the Global Competition and

Benchmarking Network.

Globe Economic Online community

Geneva

Teacher Klaus Schwab

Executive Leader

All legal rights reserved. Zero part of this publication may be

reproduced, stored in a collection system, or transmitted,

in different form or perhaps by any means, electric, mechanical,

copying, or otherwise without the prior authorization of

the earth Economic Community forum.

Copyright © 2013

by World Monetary Forum

Teacher Xavier Sala-i-Martín

Chief Consultant of The Global Competitiveness

and Benchmarking Network

ISBN-13: 978-92-95044-73-9

ISBN-10: 92-95044-73-8

Børge Brende

Managing Representative, Government Contact and

Constituents Engagement

This guide is imprinted on paper suited to recycling and

made from completely managed and sustained forest sources.

THE GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS AND BENCHMARKING NETWORK

Jennifer Polere, Chief Economist, Head in the Global

Competition and Benchmarking Network

Beñat Bilbao-Osorio, Affiliate Director,

Senior Economist

Printed and certain in Switzerland by SRO-Kundig.

The Survey and an interactive info platform can be obtained

at www.weforum.org/gcr.

Ciara Browne, Associate Movie director

Gemma Corrigan, Research Relate

Roberto Crotti, Quantitative Economist

Margareta Drzeniek Hanouz, Representative, Lead

Economist, Head of Competitiveness Exploration

Thierry Geiger, Associate Movie director, Economist

Tania Gutknecht, Community Manager

Caroline Ko, Economist

Cecilia Serin, Senior Connect

We thank Hope Steele for her excellent editing function

and Neil Weinberg pertaining to his superb graphic design and

layout. We could grateful to Dimitri Kaskoutas and Edoardo

Campanella for invaluable analysis assistance.

The terms region and country as found in this Report do

not really in all cases refer to a territorial enterprise that is a state as understood by worldwide law and practice. The

terms cover well-defined, geographically self-contained

economical areas which may not become states but for which

record data happen to be maintained on the separate and

independent basis.

© 2013 World Economic Forum

Contents

Partner Acadamies

Preface

versus

xiii

by simply Klaus Schwab

Part a couple of: Data Demonstration

93

2 . 1 Country/Economy Profiles

95

How to Read the Country/Economy Users.................................. 97 Index of Countries/Economies........................................................ 99 Country/Economy Profiles............................................................ 90

Part 1: Measuring Competitiveness

1 . you The Global Competitiveness Index

2013–2014: Sustaining Expansion,

Building Resilience

1

3

2 . a couple of Data Furniture

397

Tips on how to Read the Info Tables....................................................... 399 Index of Data Tables..................................................................... 401 Data Desks.................................................................................. 403

by Xavier Sala-i-Martín, Beñat Bilbao-Osorio,

Jennifer Polere, Margareta Drzeniek Hanouz,

Technical Notes and Sources

541

About the Authors

547

Acknowledgment

551

Thierry Geiger, and Caroline Ko

1 ) 2 Determining the Sustainable

Competitiveness of Nations

53

by simply Beñat Bilbao-Osorio, Jennifer Blanke,

Edoardo Diminutivo di campana, Roberto Crotti,

Margareta Drzeniek Hanouz, and Cecilia Serin

1 . several The Business Opinion Study:

The Words of the Business Community

83

by Ciara Browne, Thierry Geiger, and...

References: several See, for instance , Barbier 1997 and Yandle et ing. 2000.

15 Brink ou al. 2012.

16 See, for example , Marshal et 's. 1997.

twenty-two Alpay ain al. 2002.

48 Wang et 's. 2004.

up to 29 Spedding ou al. 2013.

30 Sexton et al. 2008.

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