Prevention and Intervention to get Teen Pregnancy and Motherhood

 Prevention and Intervention intended for Teen Pregnancy and Parenthood Essay

п»їDRAFT August, the year 2003

The Sexually Mature Young as Complete Person:

New Directions in Elimination and Involvement for Young Pregnancy and Parenthood

Frederick P. Allen

University of Virginia

Victoria Seitz

Nancy H. Apfel

Yale College or university

To appear in D. Phillips, J. T. Aber & S. M. Jones (Eds. ), Child Development and Social Policy: Knowledge to use it. Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Connection.

More than three decades before, Edward Zigler, to whom this chapter is dedicated, mentioned the dangers of having so swept up by a solitary behavior or phenomenon we begin to consider that behavior or trend as existing outside the framework of the " whole person. ” In an article on mental retardation entitled, " The Retarded Child overall Person, ” Zigler (1971) argued persuasively that both theory and intervention that treat important social actions as existing in a interpersonal and developmental vacuum happen to be bound to become intrinsically mistaken. Although Ed's argument was made at one other time and within context, we expect that this phase will illustrate that it is remarkably applicable possibly to domains in which Education has never worked, including young pregnancy elimination. I. Summary

Adolescent libido and its implications have been an issue of numerous societies across many generations--and for good reason. Teenage pregnancy, teenage having children and teenage acquisition of sexually transmitted illnesses bring an exclusive set of costs not only to the adolescents involved, but likewise to the bigger society. In the United States each year, much more than 450, 000 adolescents grow older 19 or younger get pregnant (Martin, Recreation area, & Sutton, 2002). These kinds of rates have declined relatively from their new peak about 1990, with declines credited primarily to increased teenagers contraceptive use (accounting to get 75% of the decline) and secondarily to decreased teenage sexual activity (accounting for 25% of the decline) (Darroch, 2001; National Center for Wellness Statistics, 2002). Nevertheless, these types of pregnancy rates still cover anything from 50% to 550% above rates consist of Western communities (Darroch, Singh, & Frost, 2001). Annually, three mil teens inside the U. T. (1 in 4 sexually experienced teens) contract a sexually transmitted disease (Alan Guttmacher Company, 1994), and teen pregnancy result in much more than 200, 1000 abortions annually (Jones, Darroch, & Henshaw, 2002; National Center pertaining to Health Statistics, 2002). For all those teens who also continue all their pregnancies to term, 83% of the ensuing births at this point occur away of wedlock (Bachu & O'Connell, 2001), and even in carefully controlled research teen moms have been located to have significantly lower life span levels of educational attainment (Hotz, Mullin, & Sanders, 1997). Most disturbing, yet , is facts that the costs of teenage childbearing could possibly accrue with greatest intensity to users of the next generation. Problems generally begin at birth: pregnant adolescents are at well-documented risk of delivering a low-birthweight baby (Institute of Medicine Committee to Study preventing Low Birthweight, 1985), and so on children often have later health issues and troubles in school. If they are created healthy, children of teenage mothers are likely to show lesser cognitive operating and institution adjustment than are children born to older moms (Brooks-Gunn & Furstenberg, 1986; Osofsky, Eberhart-Wright, Ware, & Hann, 1992). In age of puberty, researchers include reported locating massive university failure, delinquency and risk for early motherhood among the children of teenage mothers (Furstenberg, Brooks-Gunn, & Morgan, 1987; Horwitz, Klerman, Kuo, & Jekel, 1991a, b). 2. Teen Pregnancy Prevention with Adolescents

An Historical Perspective

Unfortunately, the sole fair examining of the history of efforts to stop adolescent pregnant state and sexually transmitted diseases suggests that it is in many ways stuffed with...

References: Alan Guttmacher Commence. (1994). Love-making and America 's Young adults. New York: Joe Guttmacher Commence.

Allen, T. P. (2002). Observed Autonomy And Reference to Parents And Peers Because Predictors Of Early Teenagers Sexual Version. Paper shown at the Biennial Meetings of the Society for Research in Adolescence, New Orleans, LA.

Allen, J. P., Leadbeater, B. L., & Doch, J. M. (1990). The partnership of adolescents ' objectives and values to delinquency, hard medicine use, and unprotected intercourse. Development & Psychopathology, 2(1), 85-98.

Allen, J. G., Leadbeater, M. J., & Aber, L. L. (1994). The development of issue behavior syndromes in at-risk adolescents. Expansion & Psychopathology, 6(2), 323-342.

Allen, J. P., Philliber, S., Herrling, S., & Kuperminc, G. P. (1997). Preventing teenage pregnancy and academic failure: Experimental evaluation of a developmentally based way. Child Advancement, 68(4), 729-742.

Allen, J. P., Philliber, S., & Hoggson, N. (1990). School-based prevention of teen-age pregnancy and school dropout: Process evaluation with the national duplication of the Teenager Outreach System. American Diary of Community Psychology, 18(4), 505-524.

Allen, J. P., & Philliber, S. L. (2001). Who benefits most from a broadly targeted prevention plan? Differential efficacy across foule in the Teen Outreach Plan. Journal of Community Psychology, 29, 637-655.

Apfel, In. H., & Seitz, V. (1991). Several models of teenagers mother-grandmother human relationships in Dark-colored inner-city families. Family Contact: Journal of Applied Family & Child Studies, 40(4), 421-429.

Apfel, N. L., & Seitz, V. (1999). Sibship space affects existence outcomes of kids of teenagers mothers. Newspaper presented in the Poster provided at the Biennial Meeting with the Society for Research in Child Development, Albuquerque, NM, April 17, 1999.

Bachu, A., & O 'Connell, M. (2001). Fertility of American Women: June 2000. Buenos aires, D. C.: U. H. Census Bureau.

Bell, L. Q. (1986). Age certain manifestations in changing psychological risk. In D. C. Farran & J. D. McKinney (Eds. ), The idea of risk in intellectual and psychosocial expansion. New York: Academic Press.

Brooks-Gunn, J., & Furstenberg, F. F. (1986). The children of adolescent mothers: Physical, educational, and internal outcomes. Developmental Review, 6(3), 224-251.

Darroch, J. Electronic. (2001). Adolescent pregnancy developments and demographics. Current Girls 's Well being Reports, 1(2), 102-110.

Darroch, J. Elizabeth., Singh, S., & Ice, J. L. (2001). Differences in teenage being pregnant rates amongst five produced countries: the roles of sexual activity and contraceptive make use of. Family Organizing Perspectives, 33(6), 244-250.

Donovan, J. Elizabeth., & Jessor, R. (1985). Structure of problem behavior in age of puberty and small adulthood. Journal of Talking to and Clinical Psychology, 53, 890-904.

Dryfoos, J. G. (1990). Teenagers at risk: Prevalence and reduction.

Frost, L. J., & Forrest, L. D. (1995). Understanding the effects of successful teenage motherhood prevention courses.

Furstenberg, F. F., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Morgan, H. P. (1987). Adolescent moms later in life. New York: Cambridge University or college Press.

Furstenberg, F. Farrenheit., Jr., Levine, J. A., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1990). The children of teenage moms: patterns of early childbearing in two generations. Family members Planning Points of views, 22(2), 54-61.

Haveman, R., Wolfe, B., & Peterson, E. (1997). Children of early childbearers as adults. In L. A. Maynard (Ed. ), Kids having kids (pp. 257-284). Washington, D. C.: Urban Company Press.

Hodgkinson, h. (1985). All one system. Demographics of education, kindergarten through graduate school. Washington, Deb. C.: Company for Educational Leadership.

Horwitz, S. Meters., Klerman, M. V., Kuo, H. T., & Jekel, J. N. (1991a). Ingenerational transmission of school-aged motherhood. Family Preparing Perspectives, 23, 168-172.

Horwitz, S. M., Klerman, T. V., Kuo, H. S i9000., & Jekel, J. N. (1991b). Predictors of long term educational and economic outcomes. Pedatrics, 87, 862-868.

Hotz, V. L., Mullin, C. H., & Sanders, S. G. (1997). Bounding Causal Effects Using Data by a Contaminated Natural Research: Analysing the consequences of Teenage Childbearing. Review of Financial Studies, 64, 575-603.

Company of Medicine Committee to Study the Prevention of Low Birthweight. (1985). Avoiding low birthweight. Washington, G. C.: Countrywide Academy Press.

Jemmott, J. B., 3, Jemmott, D. S., & Fong, G. T. (1998). Abstinence and safer sex HIV risk-reduction interventions pertaining to African American children. Jama: Journal of the American Medical Relationship, 279(19), 1529-1536.

Jessor, R., Donovan, T. E., & Costa, Farrenheit. M. (1991). Beyond teenage years: Problem habit and small adult development (xv male impotence. ). Ny, NY, US: Cambridge College or university Press.

Jones, R. K., Darroch, T. E., & Henshaw, S i9000. K. (2002). Patterns in the Socioeconomic Characteristics of Women Obtaining Abortions in 2000-2001. Viewpoints on Lovemaking and Reproductive Health, 34(5), 226-235.

Kirby, D. (2002). Do abstinence-only programs hold off the initiation of sex among young people and reduce young pregnancy? Wa, D. C.: National Marketing campaign to Prevent Teenage Pregnancy.

Kirby, D., & Coyle, K. (1997). School-based programs to reduce sexual risk-taking behavior. Kids & Children Services Review, 19(5-6), 415-436.

Kirby, G., Short, L., Collins, T., Rugg, G., Kolbe, D., Howard, M., et 's. (1994). School-based programs to minimize sexual risk behaviors: An assessment effectiveness. Public well-being Reports, 109, 339-360.

Klerman, L. V., & Horwitz, S. M. (1992). Minimizing the negative consequences of adolescent being pregnant and child-rearing: The role of services programs. Teenage medicine: State of the Art Reviews, three or more, 299-316.

Key, D. S., Iverson, M. C., McGloin, J., Banspach, S. Watts., & ou al. (1994). Preventing HIV infection between adolescents: Analysis of a school-based education software. Preventive Treatments: an International Devoted to Practice & Theory, 23(4), 409-417.

Martin, J. A., Park, Meters. M., & Sutton, S. D. (2002). Births: Primary Data intended for 2001. Nationwide Vital Statistics Reports, 55, Number 15.

Maynard, Ur. A. (1996). The costs of adolescent having children. In 3rd there’s r. A. Maynard (Ed. ), Kids having kids: A Robin Engine Foundation exceptional report within the costs of adolescent childbearing. Washington, D. C.: Downtown Institute.

Moore, K. A., Papillo, A. R., & Manlove, M. (2002). Specifics at a Glance. Wa, D. C.: Child Trends.

National Center for Overall health Statistics. (2002). Health, United States, 2002 with Chartbook upon Trends in the Health of Americans. Washington, Deb. C.: Publisher.

Olds, G. L., Henderson, C. Ur., Tatelbaum, L., & Chamberlin, R. (1986). Improving the delivery of prenatal treatment and effects of pregnancy: A randomized trial of nurse residence visitation. Pedatrics, 77, 16-28.

Olds, M. L., Henderson, C. 3rd there’s r., Tatelbaum, L., & Chamberlin, R. (1988). Improving the life-course progress socially deprived mothers: A randomized trial of registered nurse home visiting. American Journal of Public welfare, 78, 1436-1445.

Osofsky, L. D., Eberhart-Wright, A., Ware, L., & Hann, Deb. (1992). Kids of adolescent mothers: A bunch at risk pertaining to psychopathology. Baby Mental Overall health Journal, 13, 49-56.

Rotheram-Borus, M. T., Koopman, C., Haignere, C., & Davies, M. (1991). Reducing HIV sexual risk behaviors among runaway children. Journal with the American Medical Association(9), 1237-1241.

Sarason, H. B. (1982). The Culture of the college and the difficulty of modify. (2nd education. ) Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Seitz, V., & Apfel, N. H. (1993). Adolescent moms and repeated childbearing: Effects of a school-based intervention program. American Log of Orthopsychiatry, 63, 572-581.

Sikkema, K. J., Winett, R. A., & Lombard, D. N. (1995). Creation and evaluation of an HIV-risk reduction program for girl college students. ASSISTS Education & Prevention, 7(2), 145-159.

Steinberg, L., Fegley, S., & Dornbusch, S. M. (1993). Negative effect of part-time work on adolescent adjustment: Evidence from a longitudinal analyze. Developmental Mindset, 29, 171-180.

Walter, L. J., & Vaughan, R. D. (1993). AIDS risk reduction among a multiethnic sample of urban students. Journal with the American Medical Association, 270(6), 725-730.

Zigler, E. (1971). The retarded child in general person. In H. At the. Adams & W. T. Boardman (Eds. ), Improvements in Fresh Clinical Psychology (pp. 47-121). New York: Pergamon Press.


Risk Antipatia Essay

Lecture 1: Risk and Risk Aversion • This could mostly end up being review provided your Microeconomics courses • Readings: ? Ingersoll – Chapter one particular…...

Benefits of Healthy Eating Essay

Benefits associated with Healthy Eating University of Phoenix Axia College Rosalind Hairston Balanced and healthy diet is important as it increases energy, prevents condition, and helps bring…...

Essay about Washington Redskins

The Washington Redskins are among the NFL's most dominant groups. Since the year of 1971 they have won three Very Bowls competition and have got fourteen playoff appearances. The organizations…...

Health Research, Early Briton and the Nhs Essay

Health Studies - Part One. The earth Health Enterprise defines health as, " A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease…...

Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ Essay

Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ AP World Record – Ms. Admire Gabriela Gutierrez Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilizations Mesopotamia was between most of the planet's ancient…...

Project Management Hotel Nzma Essay

Project Supervision HOTEL NZMA ENG. DIETRICH TRUCHSESS L. PH: 021719251 [email protected] com Project Management HOTEL NZMA FACILITIES SUPERVISOR TASK Facilities…...

Aboriginal Lower income Caused by Canada’s Bad Treatment Essay

Initiating Change The first step : Aboriginal Lower income From Canada's Bad Treatment Step 2: Contrary to the popular belief, the Aboriginal persons in Canada…...

The Spectacular Benefits Of Politics And Economical Globalization Dissertation

п»їPaknoosh Izadi Professor Wayne Petrozzi Governmental policies of Human being Needs 106-011 23 March 2014 Evaluating the Benefits of Political and Economical Globalization The thought…...

Toronto’s Serpentine Originals Fights Chinese Knockoffs of Its Made-in-Canada Jewelry Essay

Toronto's Serpentine Originals combats Chinese knockoffs of their made-in-Canada Jewellery -- See even more at: wTJYLb0N. dpuf They had a gem of your business thought.…...

West African Dance Composition

You may have read about different types of dances but would you at any time hear of the West Africa dance type? If you haven't then all of…...