Education in India
MODULE - VII
18 EDUCATION IN INDIA
um far, you could have been examining about different aspects of traditions, such as art, architecture, religious beliefs and science. Another important element of our culture can be education. But what is education? You may declare it means learning something at the same time in school or from catalogs. This is partially true. Education is a learning experience. But learning takes place at all times in one's your life. However , whereas some other learning experiences could be of a unique or accidental nature, a great educational experience is usually a deliberate and pre-designed programme together with the purpose of influencing certain pre-determined behavioural within an individual. You are going through such an experience right now as you may proceed through numerous lessons of the course. But they have you at any time wondered just how education relates to culture? Lifestyle is the aggregate, final amount of the gathered experiences and achievements of previous ages inherited by simply succeeding years as associates of culture. The methodized process of moving on this collective pool of experiences and achievements could possibly be called education. Hence education is not only a way of completing on ethnic beliefs and ideas, but it really is also formed by ethnical beliefs mainly because it is a item of tradition. The system of education hence changes along with changes in culture. Through this lesson we shall find out about the evolution in the systems of education that prevailed in India since the most ancient times mainly because society considered as the education of its users as one of it is primary responsibility.
After reading this lessons you will be able to: п‚· п‚· describe the nature of education imparted during several periods of Indian record - historical, medieval and modern; assess the contributions with the Jain plus the Buddhist systems of education; 255
American indian Culture and Heritage Extra Course
COMPONENT - VII
Education п‚· п‚· п‚· п‚· п‚·
Education in India measure the educational position of women in society with regards to access to education and characteristics of education imparted to them; recollect the steps undertaken in the field of education with the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate in medieval India; appreciate the role of Mughal Rulers for making education more rationalistic; take a look at the impact of spread of modern education throughout the colonial period; assess the part of education in impartial India in the various aspects such as primary education, vocational education, advanced schooling and mature education.
18. 1 EDUCATION INSIDE THE ANCIENT PERIOD
18. 1 ) 1 Vedic Period Learning in old India was imparted by the teachers named Gurus towards the pupils who also gathered around them and found live with them in their house because members of the family. This sort of a place was called Gurukul. The Gurukul functioned like a domestic institution, an ashrama, where the children's learning was developed by the Master who provided personal teaching as well as awareness of the students. Education was generally the advantage of the top castes. Learning was a romantic relationship between teacher plus the pupil referred to as the GuruShishya Parampara. The learning generally began with a religious ceremony, вЂUpanayana' (sacred thread ceremony). Education was normally imparted orally. That included memorization of texts like Vedas and Dharmashastras, fully or perhaps partially. After subjects just like Grammar, Logic, and Metaphysics came to be educated and examined. The Maitrayani Upanishad instructs us that the supreme knowledge (gyan) is the result of learning (vidya), representation (chintan) and austerity (tapas). Through introspection (atma vishleshana) one was going to attain many advantages (Satva), chastity of mind and fulfillment of the heart in periods. During this time do it yourself education was regarded as the appropriate method of getting the highest knowledge. The best example of this can be present in the Taitteriya Upanishad where Bhrgu, boy of Varuna, approaches his father and asks him to...
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