Medication Problem and its Reduction

 Essay in Medication Problem and its Reduction

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Medication error is virtually any preventable function that may cause or bring about inappropriate medication use or perhaps harm to the patient (FDA, 2009). Being one of the most frequent medical problems, medication mistakes are not a subject to take with no due consideration. In 2006, the National Academies stated " Studies reveal that 400, 000 preventable drug-related accidents occur annually in clinics.  An additional 800, 1000 occur in long lasting care configurations, and around 530, 000 occur simply among Treatment recipients in outpatient clinics”. In the same document, National Academies notifies the readers these kinds of numbers may be an tiefstapelei due to too little data. Whilst in nursing jobs school, I possess realized the value of medication dosage calculations, and hospital process. Most rationales to these guidelines are for the safety of the clients, this is why one need to learn partly in theory as well as the rest through practice and repetition. Research is done in proof based practice which provides affirmation to the techniques procedures happen to be carried out. Being a nurse we need to never receive careless or sloppy together with the work we do to help our clients to health. The patients we care for are of great importance and responsibly to all of us as the caretaker. With this in mind, I would like to exhibit what carelessness and oversight can result in. Arsula Samson was an 85 year old mother of four. The lady developed pneumonia and inspected in to Good Hope Clinic, Birmingham to become treated in the intensive care unit. Although being treated for low serum potassium levels her nurse Mrs. Lisa Sparrow, RN came into an incorrect period of time on the infusion pump supplying her a fatal quantity of potassium chloride in one hour rather than over five hours. Let me walk through this incident and demonstrate the areas through which checkpoints that are set up intended for nurses needs to have been employed to avoid this unfortunate event. Pneumonia can be an inflammation from the lung. The cause of the disorder is all determined by the type of bacteria found in the lungs and just how the bacteria were obtained: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) for the pneumonia inside the immunocompromised host, or hope pneumonia simply to name a few. Usually this kind of disorder can be treated at home unless of course there are elements to increase the patient's risk. If there is a preexisting medication condition, if the symptoms are severe enough, if the person has not increased after taking antibiotics or perhaps if the individual is extremely fresh or more aged than 65 years old they will probably be taken to a hospital. The objective of treatment should be to cure the problem and prevent issues. Some of the difficulties include modifications in our serum electrolyte levels in your body from the antibiotic use including potassium. Potassium is a main intracellular electrolyte. 98% with the potassium is inside of the skin cells, influencing both skeletal and cardiac muscles activities. The normal serum potassium concentration runs from several. 5 to five mEq/L (3. 5 to 5 mmol/L) (Hinkle& Cheever, 2014). A decrease in potassium levels can be brought on by excessive alcohol use, prescription diuretic or perhaps antibiotic use. Symptoms of low potassium might include fatigue, muscle tissue cramps, and abnormal heart rhythms also called arrhythmias. Arrhythmias are more worrisome when the sufferer has an fundamental heart disease. The very best action to take with this hypokalemia is to offer administer potassium chloride by means of intravascular alternative therapy.

Each medical facility possesses its own policy for the supervision of potassium, which must be consulted. Many of which include, the nurse should be sure to keep an eye on serum potassium levels, screen the electrocardiograph, and examine the IV internet site for signs of irritation or perhaps phlebitis (According to UnityPoint. org, 2011). According to Good Wish Hospital's plan on applying potassium chloride to a affected person, two healthcare professionals were designed to remove, check and administer the medication together. A lot like how I've seen in Plantation General Registered Nurses...


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